[From Bob Clark (930430:15:20 EDT)]

A brief note on this terrible situation:

Do you remember where this came from? -- Jugoslavia was created at
the end of World War I by international agreement and held together
for years by a combination of interference by other nations and
internal violence.

A quick look in my Britannica (1949) outlines the history of the
region, beginning about 300 AD. In this small and economically
rather poor area, there has been no end of invasions and counter
invasions. At least six different groups have been involved in
various combinations. They have been defined by race, religion
and/or leadership. The present situation seems to consist of a
breakdown in the most recent organization, formed by international
compulsion following World War I.

In the Balkan area, there seems to have been little development of
social and economical organization beyond peasant, feudal and more or
less tribal forms. Individual people have had little or no say in
the decisions being made. But they intimately know all about the
resulting mis-treatments over the years (decades, centuries), and
traditional resentments obviously continue. So many inhuman deeds
have been performed by so many different groups that the area has
become a boiling cauldron of hate.

Throwing these incompatible groups together and calling it "a
country" exacerbated existing multiple cross-group and between-group
conflicts. This has been done before by other international groups
with similar results. Violent conflict is guaranteed -- the only
question was "when." Here we have an international example of
centralized government management, without consultation with the
people involved. Such arbitrarily super-imposed arrangements are
guaranteed to create problems no matter how good the intentions and
clever the planning. Even the USSR was able to retain its central
control (based on coercion) over their many disparate groups for only
70 years.

Sadly, I suspect that the world is long past any sensible answer to
this complex interacting situation. Tito managed for a while, with
support from other countries -- another strong, violent leader may be
able to suppress this violence for a time -- but he will die, like
Tito, and then what? or who? and when?

One of the most basic properties of a PC System is: when pushed, it
pushes back. This is the basis of conflict and the present Bosnia
problem is a major problem in conflict resolution.

In BCP, Chap 17, p 250, Bill discusses conflict and its origins,
focussing primarily on Reorganization. Dag is, somewhat indirectly,
offering some ways to reduce conflict by seeking combinations of
mutually desirable goals. But, given an established direct conflict,
(Bosnia, Waco, Lucasville Prison), do we have methods of conflict

Regards, Bob Clark