SAB94 Program and REgistration Details




                            FROM ANIMALS TO ANIMATS
     Third International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior (SAB94)

                        Brighton, UK, August 8-12, 1994

The object of the conference is to bring together researchers in ethology,
psychology, ecology, cybernetics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and
related fields so as to further our understanding of the behaviors and
underlying mechanisms that allow animals and, potentially, robots to adapt and
survive in uncertain environments.

The conference will focus particularly on well-defined models, computer
simulations, and built robots in order to help characterize and compare
various organizational principles or architectures capable of inducing
adaptive behavior in real or artificial animals.

Technical Programme

The full technical programme is given below. There will be a single track of
oral presentations, with poster sessions separately timetabled. There will
also be computer, video and robotic demonstrations. Major topics covered will

   Individual and collective behavior Autonomous robots
   Neural correlates of behavior Hierarchical and parallel organizations
   Perception and motor control Emergent structures and behaviors
   Motivation and emotion Problem solving and planning
   Action selection and behavioral Goal directed behavior
    sequences Neural networks and evolutionary
   Ontogeny, learning and evolution computation
   Internal world models Characterization of environments
    and cognitive processes Applied adaptive behavior

Invited speakers

Prof. Michael Arbib, University of Southern California,
"Rats Running and Humans Reaching: The Brain's Multiple Styles of Learning"

Prof. Rodney Brooks, MIT, "Coherent Behavior from Many Adaptive Processes"

Prof. Herbert Roitblat, University of Hawaii,
"Mechanisms and Process in Animal Behaviour: Models of Animals, Animals as

Prof. John Maynard Smith, University of Sussex,"The Evolution of Animal

Prof. Jean-Jacques Slotine, MIT, "Stability in Adaptation and Learning"


The conference proceeding will be published by MIT Press/Bradford Books and
will be available at the conference.

Official Language: English


Computer, video and robotic demonstrations are invited. They should be of work
relevant to the conference. If you wish to offer a demonstration, please send
a letter with your registration form briefly describing your contribution and
indicating space and equipment requirements.


Registration details are given after the technical program. Full conference
details will be sent on registration.

                              CONFERENCE PROGRAM

Sunday 7th August
Old Ship Hotel
7.00pm: Welcoming Reception and Registration

***All Conference Sessions in Brighton Conference Centre East Wing
Monday 8th August
9:00 Coffee and Late Registration
10:30 Conference opening
11:00 From SAB90 to SAB94: Four Years of Animat Research
      Jean-Arcady Meyer and Agnes Guillot, ENS, Paris
11:30 Invited Lecture: Mechanism and Process in Animal Behavior: Models of
      Animals, Animals as Models
      Herbert L. Roitblat, University of Hawaii
12:30 Lunch
14:00 Modeling the Role of Cerebellum in Prism Adaptation
      Michael A. Arbib, Nicolas Schweighofer, U. Southern California
      and W. T. Thach, Washington University
14:30 Robotic Experiments in Cricket Phonotaxis
      Barbara Webb, University of Edinburgh
15:00 How to Watch Your Step: Biological Evidence and an Initial Model
      Patrick R. Green, University of Nottingham
15:30 On Why Better Robots Make It Harder
      Tim Smithers, Euskal Herriko Unibersitatea
16:00 Coffee
16:30 What is Cognitive and What is *Not* Cognitive?
      Frederick Toates, Open University
17:00 Action-Selection in Hamsterdam: Lessons from Ethology
      Bruce Blumberg, MIT
17:30 Behavioral Dynamics of Escape and Avoidance: A Neural Network Approach
      Nestor A. Schmajuk, Duke University
18:00 End.

Tuesday 9th August
09:00 Invited Lecture: The Evolution of Animal Signals
      John Maynard Smith, University of Sussex
10:00 Coffee
10:30 An Hierarchical Classifier System Implementing a Motivationally
      Autonomous Animat
      Jean-Yves Donnart and Jean-Arcady Meyer, ENS, Paris
11:00 Spatial Learning and Representation in Animats
      Tony J. Prescott, University of Sheffield
11:30 Location Recognition in Rats and Robots
      William D. Smart and John Hallam, University of Edinburgh
12:00 Emergent Functionality in Human Infants
      Julie C. Rutkowska, University of Sussex
12:30 Lunch
14:00 -----------POSTER AND DEMONSTRATION SESSION------------
      **Posters listed at the end of this schedule
      **Full demonstrations timetable available later
16:00 Coffee
16:30 Posters and Demo's continue
20:00 End.

Wednesday 10th August
09:00 Invited Lecture: Stability in Adaptation and Learning
      Jean-Jacques Slotine, MIT
10:00 Coffee
10:30 Connectionist Environment Modelling in a Real Robot
      William Chesters and G. M. Hayes, University of Edinburgh
11:00 A Hybrid Architecture for Learning Continuous Environmental Models in
      Maze Problems
      A. G. Pipe, T. C. Fogarty, and A. Winfield, University West of England
11:30 The Blind Breeding the Blind: Adaptive Behavior without Looking
      Peter M. Todd, Stewart W. Wilson, Rowland Institute, Anil B. Somayaji,
      and Holly Yanco, MIT
12:00 Memoryless Policies: Theoretical Limitations and Practical Results
      Michael L. Littman, Brown University
12:30 End.

Thursday 11th August
09:00 Invited Lecture: Rats Running and Humans Reaching: The Brain's Multiple
      Styles of Learning
      Michael Arbib, University of Southern California
10:00 Coffee
10:30 A Comparison of Q-Learning and Classifier Systems
      Marco Dorigo and Hugues Bersini, Universite Libre de Bruxelles
11:00 Paying Attention to What's Important: Using Focus of Attention to
      Improve Unsupervised Learning
      Leonard N. Foner and Pattie Maes, MIT
11:30 Learning Efficient Reactive Behavioral Sequences from Basic Reflexes in
      a Goal-Directed Autonomous Robot
      Jos'e del R. Mill'an, European Commission Research Centre
12:00 A Topological Neural Map for On-Line Learning: Emergence of Obstacle
      Avoidance in a Mobile Robot
      Philippe Gaussier and Stephane Zrehen, EPFL
12:30 Lunch
14:00 A Distributed Adaptive Control System for a Quadruped Mobile Robot
      Bruce L. Digney and M. M. Gupta, University of Saskatchewan
14:30 Reinforcement Tuning of Action Synthesis and Selection in a 'Virtual
      Simon Giszter, MIT
15:00 Achieving Rapid Adaptations in Robots by Means of External Tuition
      Ulrich Nehmzow and Brendan McGonigle, University of Edinburgh
15:30 Two-link Robot Brachiation with Connectionist Q-Learning
      Fuminori Saito and Toshio Fukada, Nagoya University
16:00 Coffee
16:30 Integrating Reactive, Sequential, and Learning Behavior Using Dynamical
      Neural Networks
      Brian Yamauchi and Randall Beer, Case Western Reserve University
17:00 Seeing The Light: Artificial Evolution, Real Vision
      Inman Harvey, Phil Husbands, and Dave Cliff, University of Sussex
17:30 End.

Friday 12th August
09:00 Invited Lecture: Coherent Behavior from Many Adaptive Processes
      Rodney A. Brooks, MIT
10:00 Coffee
10:30 Evolution of Corridor Following Behavior in a Noisy World
      Craig W. Reynolds, Electronic Arts
11:00 Protean Behavior in Dynamic Games: Arguments for the Co-Evolution of
      Pursuit-Evasion Tactics
      Geoffrey F. Miller and Dave Cliff, University of Sussex
11:30 Towards Robot Cooperation
      David McFarland, University of Oxford
12:00 A Case Study in the Behavior-Oriented Design of Autonomous Agents
      Luc Steels, University of Brussels
12:30 Lunch
14:00 Learning to Behave Socially
      Maja J. Mataric, MIT
14:30 Signalling and Territorial Aggression: An Investigation by Means of
      Synthetic Behavioral Ecology
      Peter de Bourcier and Michael Wheeler, University of Sussex
15:00 Panel Session
16:00 Coffee
16:30 SAB96 -- Discussion of SAB94, Planning of SAB96.
17:30 End.

----POSTERS-----to be presented on the afternoon of Tuesday 9th August.
---------------- Authors Note: Display space = 2m high * 1m wide per poster

Insect Vision and Olfaction: Different Neural Architectures for Different
Kinds of Sensory Signal?
D. Osorio, University of Sussex, Wayne M. Getz, UC Berkeley
and Jurgen Rybak, FU-Berlin

The Interval Reduction Strategy for Monitoring Cupcake Problems
Paul R. Cohen, Marc S. Atkin, and Eric A. Hansen, University of Massachusetts

Visual Control of Altitude and Speed in a Flying Agent
Fabrizio Mura and Nicolas Franceschini, CNRS, Marseille

Organizing an Animat's Behavioural Repertoires Using Kohonen Feature Maps
Nigel Ball, University of Cambridge

Action Selection for Robots in Dynamic Environments through Inter-Behaviour
Michael Sahota, University of British Columbia

Using Second Order Neural Connections for Motivation of Behavioral Choices
Gregory M. Werner, UCLA

A Place Navigation Algorithm Based on Elementary Computing Procedures and
Associative Memories
Simon Benhamou, CNRS Marseille, Pierre Bouvet, University of Geneva,
and Bruno Poucet, CNRS Marseille

Self-Organizing Topographic Maps and Motor Planning
Pietro Morasso and Vittorio Sanguineti, University of Genova

The Effect of Memory Length on the Foraging Behavior of a Lizard
Sharoni Shafir and Jonathan Roughgarden, Stanford University

An Architecture for Learning to Behave
Ashley M. Aitken, University of New South Wales

Reinforcement Learning for Homeostatic Endogenous Variables
Hugues Bersini, Universite Libre de Bruxelles

An Architecture for Representing and Learning Behaviors by Trial and Error
Pascal Blanchet, CRIN-CNRS/INRIA Lorraine

The Importance of Leaky Levels for Behavior-Based AI
Gregory M. Saunders, John F. Kolen, and Jordan B. Pollack, Ohio State

Reinforcement Learning with Dynamic Covering of State-Action Space:
Partitioning Q-Learning
Re'mi Munos and Jocelyn Patinel, CEMAGREF

The Five Neuron Trick: Using Classical Conditioning to Learn How to Seek Light
Tom Scutt, University of Nottingham

Adaptation in Dynamic Environments Through a Minimal Probability of Exploration
Gilles Venturini, Universite de Paris-Sud

Automatic Creation of An Autonomous Agent: Genetic Evolution of a
Neural-Network Driven Robot
Dario Floreano, University of Trieste, and Francesco Mondada, EPFL

The Effect of Parasitism on the Evolution of a Communication Protocol in an
Artificial Life Simulation
Phil Robbins, University of Greenwich

Integration of Reactive and Telerobotic Control in Multi-Agent Robotic Systems
Ronald C. Arkin and Khaled S. Ali, Georgia Institute of Technology

MINIMEME: Of Life and Death in the Noosphere
Stephane Bura, Universite Paris VI

Learning Coordinated Motions in a Competition for Food Between Ant Colonies
Masao Kubo and Yukinori Kakazu, Hokkaido University

Emergent Colonization and Graph Partitioning
Pascale Kuntz and Dominique Snyers, Telecom Bretagne

Diversity and Adaptation in Populations of Clustering Ants
Erik D. Lumer, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, and Baldo Faieta, Zetes


Conference Committee

    Conference Chairs:

Philip HUSBANDS Jean-Arcady MEYER Stewart WILSON
School of Cognitive Groupe de Bioinformatique The Rowland Institute
and Comp. Sciences Ecole Normale Superieure for Science
University of Sussex 46 rue d'Ulm 100 Edwin H. Land Blvd.
Brighton BN1 9QH, UK 75230 Paris Cedex 05 Cambridge, MA 02142, USA

   Program Chair: David CLIFF
                       School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences
                       University of Sussex
                       Brighton BN1 9QH, UK

   Financial Chair: P. Husbands, H. Roitblat
   Local Arrangements: I. Harvey, P. Husbands

Program Committee

  M. Arbib, USA R. Arkin, USA R. Beer, USA
  A. Berthoz, France L. Booker, USA R. Brooks, USA
  P. Colgan, Canada T. Collett, UK H. Cruse, Germany
  J. Delius, Germany J. Ferber, France N. Franceschini, France
  S. Goss, Belgium J. Halperin, Canada I. Harvey, UK
  I. Horswill, USA A. Houston, UK L. Kaelbling, USA
  H. Klopf, USA L-J. Lin, USA P. Maes, USA
  M. Mataric, USA D. McFarland, UK G. Miller, UK
  R. Pfeifer, Switzerland H. Roitblat, USA J. Slotine, USA
  O. Sporns, USA J. Staddon, USA F. Toates, UK
  P. Todd, USA S. Tsuji, Japan D. Waltz, USA
  R. Williams, USA

Local Arrangements

For general enquiries contact:

SAB94 Administration
University of Sussex
Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QH

Tel: +44 (0)273 678448
Fax: +44 (0)273 671320


The SAB94 archive can be accessed by anonymous ftp.

% ftp
login: anonymous
password: <your_email@your_address>

  cd pub/sab94
  get <filename>*

* Files available at present are:



Sponsors include:

    British Telecom University of Sussex Applied AI Systems Inc
    Uchidate Co., Ltd. Mitsubishi Corporation Brighton Council
    The Renaissance Trust

Financial Support

Limited financial support may be available to graduate students and young
researchers in the field. Applicants should submit a letter describing their
research, the year they expect to receive their degree, a letter of
recommendation from their supervisor, and confirmation that they have no other
sources of funds available. The number and size of awards will depend on the
amount of money available.


The conference will be held at the Brighton Centre, the largest conference
venue in the town, situated on the seafront in Brighton's town centre and
adjacent to the 'Lanes' district.

Brighton is a thriving seaside resort, with many local attractions, situated
on the south coast of England. It is just a 50 minute train journey from
London, and 30 minutes from London Gatwick airport -- when making travel
arrangements we advise, where possible, using London Gatwick in preference to
London Heathrow.

Social Activities

A welcome reception will be held on Sunday 7th August. The conference banquet
will take place on Thursday 11th August. There will also be opportunities for
sightseeing, wine cellar tours and a visit to Brighton's Royal Pavilion.


We have organised preferential rates for SAB94 delegates at several good
quality hotels along the seafront. All hotels are within easy walking distance
of the Brighton Centre. Costs vary from 29 pounds to 70 pounds inclusive per
night for bed and breakfast. An accommodation booking form will be sent out to
you on request, or can be obtained by ftp (instructions above). Details of
cheaper budget accommodation can be obtained from Brighton Accommodation
Marketing Bureau (Tel: +44 273 327560 Fax: +44 273 777409).


The SAB94 organisers and sponsors can not accept liablility for personal
injuries, or for loss or damage to property belonging to conference
participants or their guests. It is recommended that attendees take out
personal travel insurance.

Registration Fees

Registration includes: the conference proceedings; technical program; lunch
each day (except Wednesday when there will be no afternoon sessions); welcome
reception; free entry to Brighton's Royal Pavilion; complimentary temporary
membership of the Arts Club of Brighton.

                               REGISTRATION FORM

3rd International Conference on the Simulation of Adaptive Behaviour (SAB94)
                               8-12 August 1994
                         Brighton Centre, Brighton, UK

Please complete the form below and send to the conference office with full

Name: ______________________________________________________________

Address: __________________________________________________________



Country: ___________________________________________________________

Postal Code or Zip Code: ___________________________________________

Email: _____________________________________________________________

Telephone:____________________________ Fax:_________________________

Professional Affiliation:___________________________________________

Name(s) of accompanying person(s):

1. ________________________________________________________________

2. ________________________________________________________________

Dietary needs: ____________________________________________________

Any other special needs: _________________________________________


All payments must be made in pounds sterling.


Tick if you will be attending the welcome reception on Sunday 7 August _____

Tick appropriate boxes.
                              Individual Student

Early (before 15 May 1994) 200 pounds ( ) 100 pounds ( )
Late (after 15 May 1994) 230 pounds ( ) 115 pounds ( )
On site 260 pounds ( ) 130 pounds ( )

Banquet 18 pounds ( ) 18 pounds ( )


Accompanying persons:

    Welcoming reception 10 pounds
    Banquet 28 pounds


___________ Registration

___________ Banquet (delegate rate) (Please tick if vegetarian _____)

___________ Banquet (guest rate) (Please tick if vegetarian _____)

___________ Reception (guests only)

___________ Donation to support student scholarship fund


Please make payable to "SAB94", pounds sterling only.

_____ Bank Draft or International Money Order: _ __________________ pounds

_____ Cheque: (drawn on a UK bank or Euro Cheque) __________________ pounds

Send to:

SAB Administration
University of Sussex
Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QH


The SAB Administration should be notified in writing of all cancellations.
Cancellations received before 10 July will incur a 20% administration charge.
We cannot accept any cancellations after that date.