THE TURING TEST?????

CHUCK TUCKER 920925D

To whom it is relevant:

I have not paid careful attention to the discussion of the "Turing
Test" so I probably missed the basic idea. Would someone please
describe this "test" to me (if possible on Net) or point me to a
source so I can read about it? By the way, I got a tape of Noam
Chomsky's Killian Lecture that he gave last year and he has a line
which is quite critical of the Turing Test in which he said it was
not an advancement over the thinking of Decarte; sounded very damning
to me.

Thanks in advance to whomever, Chuck

   Charles W. Tucker (Chuck)
       Department of Sociology
       University of South Carolina
       Columbia SC 29208
  O (803) 777-3123 or 777-6730
  H (803) 254-0136 or 237-9210
  BITNET: N050024 AT UNIVSCVM (0=ZERO)
  INTERNET: N050024 AT UNIVSCVM.CSD.SCAROLINA.EDU (0=ZERO)

[Ray Allis 920925.0900]

                                          CHUCK TUCKER 920925D

To whom it is relevant:

I have not paid careful attention to the discussion of the "Turing
Test" so I probably missed the basic idea. Would someone please
describe this "test" to me (if possible on Net) or point me to a
source so I can read about it? By the way, I got a tape of Noam
Chomsky's Killian Lecture that he gave last year and he has a line
which is quite critical of the Turing Test in which he said it was
not an advancement over the thinking of Decarte; sounded very damning
to me.

In short form: The question was "Can machines think?" Turing asserted
that a definitive answer to the question was meaningless; not worth any
effort. He proposed that a parlor game, in which the object was to
decide whether an entity with which you could only communicate by
written words was male or female, be adapted to give people a way to
decide whether machines could think for themselves. If you could not
distinguish whether the entity, with which you would communicate by
typewriter, was human or not then it must be able to think. Sort of an
early version of "If it walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck..."

As you can see, this obviates the need to say what is meant by "think".

Ray Allis